Cardiovascular diseases / Heart Diseases take the lives of 17.9 million people every year, 31% of all global deaths. Data from WHO
God removes the sin of the one who makes humble confession, and thereby the devil loses the sovereignty he had gained over the human heart. Saint Bernard
Heart is undisputedly the most important organ of human body. Whether we talk about the human health, quality of life with loved ones, romantic affairs, passion for something, or spirituality human heart plays a significant role. There are various aspects of heart one the physical one which gets diseased can be operated & the other one which has feelings good or bad.
Heart is the core of human beings emotionally as well as physically, on emotional side it is often said always follow your heart not mind, heart is always considered superior. Similarly a human being can survive with a dead brain but can’t survive for a moment if the heart stops working.
So, if you want to achieve anything in the world the nonnegotiable prerequisite is a Healthy Heart. Knowing heart being so important for our healthy existence unfortunately our current lifestyles are impacting the heart health.
As per reports from WHO, CVDs are the number one cause of death globally: more people die annually from CVDs than from any other cause. By 2030, almost 23.6 million people will die from CVDs, mainly from heart disease and stroke. These are projected to remain the single leading causes of death.
Heart Diseases explained:
Heart diseases also known as Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the collective name given to the group of disorders of heart and blood vessels, and include:
– hypertension (high blood pressure) – coronary heart disease (heart attack)
– cerebrovascular disease (stroke) – peripheral vascular disease
– heart failure – rheumatic heart disease
– congenital heart disease -cardiomyopathies.
Heart attacks and strokes are usually acute events and are mainly caused by a blockage that prevents blood from flowing to the heart or brain. The most common reason for this is a build-up of fatty deposits on the inner walls of the blood vessels that supply the heart or brain. Strokes can also be caused by bleeding from a blood vessel in the brain or from blood clots.
Causes / Risk Factors of Heart Diseases:
The main causes of CVD’s are Several health conditions, your lifestyle, and your age and family history. These factors can increase your risk for heart disease. Some of the risk factors for heart disease cannot be controlled, such as your age or family history. But you can take steps to lower your risk by changing the factors you can control.
Cause 1 – Ourselves & Our Behavior
Your lifestyle choices can increase your risk for heart disease and heart attack. To reduce your risk, your doctor may recommend changes to your lifestyle. The good news is that healthy behaviors can lower your risk for heart disease.
Unhealthy Diet – High Fat & salt diet increases the risk of Heart diseases.
Physical Inactivity– can lead to heart disease
Obesity – Increases the bad cholesterol, which increases the risk of heart diseases.
Too Much Alcohol & Tobacco Use – Drinking too much alcohol can raise blood pressure levels and the risk for heart disease. Nicotine raises blood pressure, and carbon monoxide reduces the amount of oxygen that your blood can carry
Cause 2 – Our other health conditions
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease. It is a medical condition that occurs when the pressure of the blood in your arteries and other blood vessels is too high. The high pressure, if not controlled, can affect your heart and other major organs of your body, including your kidneys and brain.
Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance made by the liver or found in certain foods. Your liver makes enough for your body’s needs, but we often get more cholesterol from the foods we eat. If we take in more cholesterol than the body can use, the extra cholesterol can build up in the walls of the arteries, including those of the heart. This leads to narrowing of the arteries and can decrease the blood flow to the heart, brain, kidneys, and other parts of the body.
Some cholesterol is “good,” and some is “bad.” High cholesterol is the term used for high levels of low-density lipoprotein, or LDL, which are considered “bad” because they can lead to heart disease. A higher level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, or HDL, is considered “good” because it provides some protection against heart disease.
Diabetes causes sugars to build up in the blood. The risk of death from heart disease for adults with diabetes is higher than adults who do not have diabetes.1 Talk to your doctor about ways to manage diabetes and control other risk factors.
Cause 3 – Our Forefathers: Family History and Other Characteristics:
Family members share genes, behaviors, lifestyles, and environments that can influence their health and their risk for disease. Heart disease can run in a family, and your risk for heart disease can increase based on your age, and your race, or ethnicity.
Genetics and Family History
Other Characteristics – Your age along with the strength of immune system.
Prevention of Heart Diseases:
Considering the Global data irrespective of our age, sex or region, we should be always cautions and ensure to keep track of our heart health. And continuously keep on working on maintaining or improving the heart health. Below are the few tips to be followed:
- Make an appointment for an annual checkup and keep it.
- Tone up with regular exercise. Regular exercise helps you prevent or manage high blood pressure; lowers unhealthy cholesterol and raises healthy cholesterol; helps you manage your weight; strengthens your heart and lungs; and promotes better sleep.
- Know your numbers. Partner with your health care provider to manage your blood pressure, cholesterol and your hemoglobin A1c levels.
- Shake the habit by limiting processed foods that are high in sodium (salt).
- Kick butts. Don’t smoke! Don’t Drink!