It is a man’s own mind, not his enemy or foe, that lures him to evil ways. Buddha
Mental health is a state of mind where one is fully aware and in control of his or her actions or reactions in any given situation. World Health Organizations says, “Mental health is a state of well being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to his or her own community.”
Mental health means one is able to do all his assigned responsibilities with her full potential, is appropriately social, enjoys healthy relationships with family& friends, able to face the adverse situation without any major impact. Mental health is the foundation for emotions, thinking, communication, learning,resilience and self-esteem. Mental health is also key to relationships,personal and emotional well-being and contributing to society.
Awareness around Mental Health
Awareness around Mental health is critical for all & should not be limited for the people suffering with some mental illness. As it is clear from the definition given by WHO Good mental health promotes the productivity individual as well as it makes the work more fruitful & it have a impact to society.
Unfortunately,Mental health is the ignored part of overall health and well being of human being, this is generally noticed or attended when the issue becomes severe. It is seen that the risk is higher among the poor, homeless, the unemployed,persons with low education, victims of violence, migrants and refugees,indigenous populations, children and adolescents, abused women etc., but with this fast-changing world, increasing competition in every field of life, workaholic, ones never ending aspirations & ambitions we can see that now a days almost everybody is prone to have mental health issues.
Mental illness does not discriminate; it can affect anyone regardless of your age, gender, geography, income, social status, race/ethnicity, religion/spirituality, sexual orientation, background or other aspect of cultural identity. While mental illness can occur at any age, three-fourths of all mental illness begins by age 24.
Below are some of the facts shared by WHO about the magnitude of the issue:
• As many as 450 million people suffer from a mental or behavioral disorder.
• Nearly 1 million people commit suicide every year.
• Four of the six leading causes of years lived with disability are due toneuropsychiatric disorders (depression, alcohol-use disorders, schizophreniaand bipolar disorder).
• One in four families has at least one member with a mental disorder. Family members are often the primary caregivers of people with mental disorders. The extent of the burden of mental disorders on family members is difﬁcult to assess and quantify, and is consequently often ignored. However, it does have a signiﬁcant impact on the family’s quality of life.
• In addition to the health and social costs, those suffering from mental illnesses are also victims of human rights violations, stigma and discrimination, both inside and outside psychiatric institutions.
Symptoms or signs of Mental health issue
• Sleep or appetite changes — Dramatic sleep and appetite changes or decline in personal care
• Mood changes — Rapid or dramatic shifts in emotions or depressed feelings
• Withdrawal — Recent social withdrawal and loss of interest in activities previously enjoyed
• Drop in functioning — An unusual drop in functioning, at school, work or social activities, such as quitting sports,failing in school or difficulty performing familiar tasks
• Problems thinking — Problems with concentration, memory or logical thought and speech that are hard to explain
• Increased sensitivity — Heightened sensitivity to sights, sounds, smells or touch; avoidance of over-stimulating situations
• Apathy — Loss of initiative or desire to participate in any activity
• Feeling disconnected — A vague feeling of being disconnected from oneself or one’s surroundings; a sense of unreality
• Illogical thinking — Unusual or exaggerated beliefs about personal powers to understand meanings or influence events;illogical or “magical” thinking typical of childhood in an adult
• Nervousness — Fear or suspiciousness of others or a strong nervous feeling
• Unusual behavior – Odd, uncharacteristic,peculiar behavior
One or two of these symptoms alone can’t predict a mental illness but may indicate a need for further evaluation. If a person is experiencing several at one time and the symptoms are causing serious problems in the ability to study, work or relate to others, he/she should be seen by a physician or mental health professional. People with suicidal thoughts or intent, or thoughts of harming others, need immediate attention.